Nile River

    Ancient Egypt (Kemet) was also dominated by the Nile River. The Nile River flows north. Either the largest or second largest river in the world (the other contender being the Amazon River) at 6,677 km (or 4,180 miles [note those numbers do not convert exactly]), the Nile also had unique characteristics that helped the nation of Egypt grow into a great civilization. Ancient civilizations first grew up on major river systems. One kind flooded, providing rich nutrient top soil renewal. The other kind provided a steady flow of water year round. The Nile has two sources, one of each kind, making it the only large river system in the world with both characteristics.

    The Nile River provided a continuous waterway that was straight and navigable for more than 2,500 miles. For about ten months out of the year, the prevailing winds blew in the exact opposite direction as the flow of the current, providing low cost water transport in both directions. The Nile River flows north into the Mediterranean Sea, with the predominant winds blowing to the south.

    The two sources of the Nile, the Blue Nile (source in the Abyssinian Mountains) and the White Nile (source in the Victoria Nyanza), join at Khartoum (in modern day Sudan), forming the Nile proper. In modern times the Nile divides a few miles north of Cairo into the Rosetta and the Damietta branches.

    The Nile proper is about 1,800 miles long and has been used for irrigation at least since 4,000 B.C.E. The Blue Nile is approximately 1,609 km (about 1,000 miles) flowing from northwest Ethiopia to the Sudan and is the primary headstream of the Nile. The White Nile flows mostly northward through eastern Africa.

    The cyclic nature of the annual flood of the Nile River had a profound effect on the Kemetic (ancient Egyptian) religion.

    Goddess/Deity of the Nile: Hapi was the Kemetic (ancient Egyptian) deity of the Nile (the ancient Egyptian name for the Nile was Hapi, see hieroglyphs below). Hapi was both fully male God and fully female Goddess, with full breasts, vagina, penis, and testicles. Hapi was sometimes depicted as a mother hippopatamus or with the head of a mother hippo. Hapi was typically shown with two giant water jars spilling out with streams joining. The water jars (long thin cylinders that bowed in the upper half) represented the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The modern astrological figure of Aquarius came from this ancient Egyptian deity. In modern times, many transvestites and other transgenders honor Hapi.





Nile Delta Nile River
hieroglyphs courtesy of Jim Loy


    “The Nile River valley in Egypt was the site of the world’s first great civilization.” —Princeton University

    Greek historian Herodotus called ancient Egypt “the gift of the Nile”.

    The ancient Egyptians knew that their lives depended on the Nile. It was a national disaster if the Nile over-flooded or under-flooded. They constructed artificial banks to prevent over-flooding and constructed irrigation channels to carry the water to the fields.

    The fertile black soil of the Nile (the Black Land) was contrasted with the barren red soil of the desert (the Red Land). The ancient Egyptians viewed black as the color symbolizing good and red as the color symbolizing evil.

next geography topic


This website gets more traffic than your website.
I am available.


Alphabetical Index
Guide to Witcchraft
Goddess Diet Plan
Pagan, Witch, and Astrology
Goddesses & Gods
Religious Freedom
Table of Contents

witch stores


organic herbs

Pagan Shopping
United States
Pagan Magic
United Kingdom
Mountain Rose Herbs


Reach for the moon with Llewellyn

free Witchcraft lessons

    Free lessons on Witchcraft, ancient Goddesses, astrology, and nutrition. I will answer short questions on-line through TeenWitchdotcom at Twitter and in person in the Costa Mesa/Newport Beach area. I will teach you what you need to know to be a successful priest, priestess, or witch, including the ability to perform weddings and readings. For more information read Witchcraft lessons.

private and small group lessons

    Contact Milo for information on private and small group lessons in Costa Mesa and Newport Beach, California. Tutoring in Witchcraft, chess, guitar, English grammar and writing, history, or computer programming. Low cost or free for the poor. Recommended donation of $25 an hour (or $15 for half an hour). Minors need written permission from parent or guardian. Send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: Milo, PO Box 1361, Tustin, California, USA, 92781.

    A few recommended local services: guitar repair, Macintosh repair, raw food, recording studio, search engine optimization, and sign painting.

Contact Teen Witch at Milo, PO Box 1361, Tustin, California, USA, 92781 (please include a self-addressed stamped envelope for any reply). My computer is broken, so I can’t send or receive e-mail.

    These web pages are about witchcraft. Attempting to be an amateur doctor is potentially dangerous to your health. These web pages are not professional medical and/or legal advice. Nothing on this website should be considered as a substitute or replacement for professional legal and/or medical advice. Persons should seek the advice of qualified health and/or legal providers.

    Recommended professional health providers in southern California: ayurveda, chiropractic, and yoga.

    Get a Pr Ntr Kmt certificate as proof that your religion is real and you are a real witch, shaman, priest, priestess, etc.

Become involved in
Witch’s Rights

Donations needed:

Please send donations to:
P.O. Box 1361
Tustin, Calif.

MichaelM offers TeenWitch t-shirts.


techno rock

heavy metal


Time Heals
love song

This Side
of Sanity

Made with Macintosh

This web site handcrafted on Macintosh computers using Tom Bender’s Tex-Edit Plus .

Viewable With Any Browser

Teen Witch themed clothing

    If you spot an error in fact, grammar, syntax, or spelling, or a broken link, or have additional information, commentary, or constructive criticism, please contact Milo the Witch at PO Box 1361, Tustin, California, USA, 92781.

Copyright © 2006 Milo the Witch.

Last Updated: December 31, 2006

May the Goddess grant YOU love, peace, joy, bounty, and wisdom.

alphabetical index
Introduction to Goddess Plan
Introduction to Witchcraft

previous page next page
previous page next page home page